The Child Protection Compact Act of 2009

On June 5, Representatives Chris Smith (R-NJ) and Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) introduced the Child Protection Compact Act of 2009, legislation designed to increase U.S. support to eradicate child trafficking in countries that have the will to end the crime but lackIJM resources. The Child Protection Compact Act will provide assistance to select “focus countries” through the U.S. Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP). These focus countries will receive support in building public justice systems that effectively investigate crimes against children and prosecute perpetrators in numbers sufficient to deter and eventually eliminate the crime. The legislation also authorizes increased assistance for care for survivors of trafficking.

You can help IJM ensure that this vital legislation is passed by contacting your Representative today to urge him/her to support the CPCA.


Learn more about the Child Protection Compact Act here.


Bill Summary: The Child Protection Compact Act of 2009

1. Findings: Findings include U.N. statistics regarding child trafficking and exploitation, and cites the ILO’s definition and prohibition on “worst forms of child labor.”

2. Declaration of Purpose: The purpose of the bill is to increase protection of vulnerable children in selected countries by providing assistance to address institutional weaknesses within governments.

3. Authorization of Assistance: The bill authorizes assistance to be administered by the State Department Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons for countries that meet certain eligibility criteria and enter into a Compact. The bill authorizes $50 million over three years for this purpose.

4. Selection Criteria: Countries are selected on the basis of demonstrated political will by the government to confront child trafficking, including by enactment and enforcement of law, cooperation with local and international NGOs, and treatment of victims in accordance with international standards.

5. Child Protection Compact: The compact is an agreement between the U.S. and the eligible country that contains specific objectives in a “national child protection strategy” and indicates benchmarks for measuring the achievement of them.

6. Congressional Notification/Reports: The executive branch shall consult with Congress prior to negotiating a compact with a country and shall notify Congress after entering into such compact. In addition, not later than 180 days after enactment and annually thereafter, the President shall submit a report on the achievement of objectives for each country for which a Compact has been negotiated.

Learn more about the Child Protection Compact Act here.